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邢润麟,张顺聪,江晓兵,梁德,杨志东,冯蓬勃.脊柱矢状面失衡对骨质疏松性椎体压缩性骨折椎体成形术疗效的影响[J].脊柱外科杂志,2017,15(2):106-110.
脊柱矢状面失衡对骨质疏松性椎体压缩性骨折椎体成形术疗效的影响     点此下载全文 (Fulltext)
邢润麟1  张顺聪2  江晓兵2  梁德2  杨志东2  冯蓬勃2
1. 南京中医药大学第一临床医学院, 南京中医药大学附属医院, 江苏 210029;
2. 广州中医药大学第一附属医院脊柱外科, 广东 510405
基金项目:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-2957.2017.02.008
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摘要:
      目的 探讨经皮椎体成形术(PVP)治疗骨质疏松性椎体压缩性骨折(OVCF)时术后患者脊柱矢状面平衡状态对手术疗效的影响。方法 纳入2011年6月-2013年6月在广州中医药大学第一附属医院接受PVP治疗的OVCF患者,采用Barrey 法依据患者术后脊柱矢状面平衡状态分为生理平衡组(A组)、代偿平衡组(B组)和失平衡组(C组)。于术后12 个月随访时分别采用疼痛视觉模拟量表(VAS)评分评价腰背痛、Barthel 日常活动(activity of daily life,ADL)评分评价活动功能、Berg 评分评价机体平衡控制能力。统计因新发OVCF 再次入院接受治疗以及术后12 个月随访胸腰段畸形Cobb 角增加> 10° 的发生率。结果 各组基线特征(性别、年龄、伤椎节段分布、骨折发生次数、骨密度、术前疼痛评分及活动功能)差异无统计学意义。术后12 个月随访时,腰背痛和活动功能均显示A组最优、B组次之、C组最差,3组间比较差异均有统计学意义(P< 0.05);机体维持平衡能力A、B组间无差异,但A、B组均优于C组且差异有统计学意义(P< 0.05)。A组再次出现OVCF 和胸腰段畸形Cobb 角增大>10° 的发生率均低于B、C组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 PVP 治疗OVCF 时,术后脊柱矢状面失衡的患者手术疗效较差。应注意对术后矢状面失衡患者给予关注(延长卧床时间、佩戴支具、定期随诊),一旦出现相关信号症状(突发患部疼痛、活动功能下降等),应尽快对症处理。
关键词:老年人  胸椎  腰椎  骨质疏松  脊柱骨折  骨折,压缩性  椎体成形术  经皮椎体后凸成形术
Influence of spinal sagittal imbalance on therapeutic effect of percutaneous vertebraplasty for treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures    Fulltext
XING Run-lin1  ZHANG Shun-cong2  JIANG Xiao-bing2  LIANG De2  YANG Zhi-dong2  FENG Peng-bo2
1. First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, Jiangsu, China;
2. Department of Spinal Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510405, Guangdong, China
Fund Project:
Abstract:
      Objective To evaluate the influence of spinal sagittal imbalance on the therpeutic effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) for treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF). Methods The patients who underwent PVP for OVCFs from June 2011 to June 2013 retrospectively were reviewed. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on the spinal sagittal imbalance by Barrey's method: Group A(balance), Group B(compensated balanced), Group C(unbalance). The following parameters were recorded at 12 months postoperation: visual analogue scale(VAS) score, Barthel activity of daily life(ADL) index, Berg index, and incidence of new OVCFs or height loss of augmented vertebra (Cobb's angle of the fractured vertebrae >10°). Results There were no differences in baseline covariates between groups (gender, age, vertebral segment, fracture frequency, bone mineral density, VAS score at pre-operation). Group A showed significantly better VAS and ADL improvement than groups B and C(P< 0.05), group B was better than group C(P< 0.05). Groups A and B showed significantly better Berg improvement than group C(P< 0.05), however, there was no significant difference between group A and group B. The incidence of new OVCF and recollapse of augmented vertebra in group A were significantly lower than those in groups B and C(P< 0.05). Conclusion Spinal sagittal imbalance significantly influence the therpeutic effect of PVP for OVCFs. Patients in imbalance group probably need a longer time of stay in the bed, brace wear, and long term follow-up, be alert for signs and symptoms such as sudden back pain and maladjustment of body activity function.
Keywords:Aged  Thoracic vertebrae  Lumbar vertebrae  Osteoporosis  Spinal fractures  Fractures, compression  Vertebroplasty  Percutaneous kyphoplasty
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